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Golf Tips For Beginners: Master your golf swing like a pro

Golf Tips For Beginners: Master your golf swing like a pro

First Published: April 17, 2020
Last updated: May 24, 2021

Golf is a social game designed to keep people of various age groups entertained. From playing with your colleagues to spending the weekend with your friends, there are many benefits to playing golf. With the ease of obtaining golf equipment today, anyone can learn and master golf skills.

Here are some golf swing basics tips for beginners to make the most of their practice sessions. There is plenty of advice for the golf swing basics improvement which you need to work on. There are also several golf swing training aids and tools that can help you perform better in your golfing journey.

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~ Bobby Jones


There are various golf terminologies you should learn when you start, and the golf swing is one among them. It is about the mechanism that lets you build up kinetic energy and transfer it to the ball. When the golf ball stands stationary, the golfer holds the golf club with his strong hand at the bottom. The golfer then swings his arm backward and lets the kinetic energy build-up at the golf club head. When the clubhead then makes an impact with the ball.

The kinetic energy then transfers to the ball and takes the ball in flight. This lets the ball follow a projectile path that takes it to the desired target position.

Make sure that you stand with your feet wide apart while keeping your back straight. For stable hold of the club, you can also bend your knees slightly. This also helps improve your posture and prevents straining your back. With this, your grip on the golf club also gets better.

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The Key To A Consistent Golf Swing

Golf Swing Basics: Knowing The Components Of The Golf Swing

Learning the many components lets you know which ones to target and which ones to ignore. There are some flaws in the golf swing, which beginners struggle with. Correcting them begins with working on the specifics of your technique. When you know your method, you will obtain predictability in your shots. With this, you can work on improving the success rate of getting to the hole. Altering the speed of the ball and flight pattern all becomes easy with the help of modifying the swing.

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The golf backswing illustration
Golf Backswing Sequence

Correcting your backswing is essential, as this is one of the steps that any beginner might find to be the toughest to correct. While you swing your club backward, one thing you tend to do is to move your hand far away from your body. But the proper backswing takes swinging the club backward with the strong hand (the hand below) close to your body. This ensures a perfect transfer of energy without straining your shoulder bone. For a more natural swing, keep your hand close to the body and then swing the club backward. Your weight should shift to your right foot when you are a right-handed player.


Golf downswing illustration
Golf Downswing Sequence

Once your backswing motion is over, the next comes the swing where the golf club head comes down towards the ball. This is the other major part of the swing where the slightest changes can dampen your swing style. In most cases, the shift inaccuracy often comes with the poorly curated downswing. For the downswing, it is your left knee that moves towards the club.

The Follow-Through

The golf Follow-Through
The Follow-Through Sequence

Once your clubhead impacts the ball, your swing doesn’t end. You cannot abruptly stop your club once you hit the ball. If you aim for natural rhythm and get the best shot, you should also slightly move the club forward so that you extend your arms straight and forth. Once your swing is complete, your knees become straight again, and then your weight shifts back to the heels. Another characteristic of the follow-through would be the shoulder falling downward with your hands extending forward.

The combination of the ideal backswing, downswing, and follow-through comes from the proper weight distribution of your body as well. This helps improve your stability as well as the strength of your shot.
For the overall strength and efficiency of the shot, keep your head raised. Fully bending your head following the club would lead to altering the spine posture, which then affects shot accuracy.


With all the moving parts of a perfect golf swing, many other things can go wrong, even with proper determination and focus, there are a lot of common mistakes even the average Golf amateur can make:

Golfer measuring distance

Mistake #1: Arms Too Straight

golf swing Mistake #1: Arms Too Straight

When your right arm is too straight as a right-handed player, you feel hand and shoulder joint pains too soon. The key is to know which arm to flex and which one to hold straight to perfect your shot. For the right-handed players, the right hand should remain slightly flexed with the left hand straight. When your arm feels too tight and straight, it leads to less control over the club. As a result, you feel like your swing works poorly. For a free movement and natural swing direction, you need your right hand to hang free. Keep your back firm but hands loose while your right hand also stays close to the body.

Mistake #2: Too Strong Grip

Golf Swing Mistake #2: A Grip Too Strong

Just the right grip of the club can impact the swing positively. Holding the club in such a way that your palms overlap might lead to too much tightness in the grip. With this even when you swing right, there is not enough momentum in your swing. This leads to less speed of the ball even after a powerful strike. To prevent this, you need to work on your grip. The type of golf club grip installed has a considerable role to play in your grip and, therefore, your swing as well.

Ensure that you hold your club so that there is enough room for the club to adjust itself based on the downswing and backswing position. It would be best if you also did not strain your wrist due to a wrong grip. At a fast swing rate and the power of swing, you might hurt your wrist if you apply too much pressure on the wrist. Drivers and woods tend to have a tiny loft on the clubhead. With such clubs, a wrong grip can have a huge impact.

Mistake #3: Bending Your Knees Too Much Or Too Little

Golf Swing Mistake #3: Bending Your Knees Too Much Or Too Little

Keeping your legs straight or bending the knees too much can both hurt your swing style. It should not deviate too much that your shoulder drops too low. With this, your club automatically is extended farther away, leading to an outward hit on the ball, taking it in a different path than expected. It would help if you bent your knees a little, especially during the downswing and backswing.

Do not overdo the bending part so much that you start feeling too comfortable at the balanced spot it creates for the shot. The key is to get the shot right if you need the best contact with the golf ball. For this, your swing should work such that your knees are just a little bent. The right knee bends at the backswing, and the left bends a bit at the downswing. Once you are done with the impact, your left knee traverses back to the original position and gets straight.

Mistake #4: Bending Your Shoulders Too Much On The Front

Golf Swing Mistake #4: Bending Your Shoulders Too Much On The Front

For the sake of feeling a more balanced posture, many golfers tend to bend their shoulders forward. This leads to the light hump of the spine, which in turn can lead to a bad hold of the club. The problem can be with your shoulder position. This can be easy to correct even as a beginner. Ensure that you check your posture on the field before you work on any other aspect of your golf performance. From the swing speed to the angle of impact, you can change everything by slightly altering the position of the shoulder itself. Another problem here could be that with shoulders leaning too much in the front, you would be the tightness to rotate your arms. If you need speed and power in your swing, then you need your hands to rotate fully under your control. For this, you should stop hunching your shoulder forward.

Mistake #5: Sinking Your Head Too Low

Golf Swing Mistake #5: Sinking Your Head Too Low

Another problem, like bending the shoulder, could be the problem of looking down such that your neck and head are bent towards your chest. You might be keenly focusing on the shot, the ball that you might miss the rotation part. For this to be prevented, you should keep your spine erect. Keep your chin high and away from your chest for a better posture. If you need to play like a pro and swing like a pro, make sure that your head is held straight and not bent along the direction of your ball.

Mistake #6: Club Type And Fitness

Golf Swing Mistake #6: Club Type And Fitness

Besides the direct influencers, in this case, other factors alter the swing. When you choose the wrong kind of clubs, then even with a right swing style, you end up with a poor shot. For this, make sure that you understand the function of each club and pick the right one. Not all clubs are the same, and not all clubs give you the same swing style. So, even if you have perfected your swing, before any competitive match, you should make sure that you try out all your clubs before you take the shot. Warming up a little before the game can also be useful in perfecting your swing. When your arms and shoulders are too tight, then you might not experience the flexibility that is very much needed for the swing. For this you should warm up a little, even a few reps of hand and shoulder rotation exercises can be of great help.


Working on your overall posture regularly can also hugely affect the swing performance in your game. Once you do this, make sure that you do not swing too hard. Hard shots are not always the best shots. It would be best if you work on efficiency rather than the power itself.

proper golf swing infographic
Click To Enlarge

Once you cut down the mistakes as mentioned above and get your posture right along with working on your grip, you are sure to get better at swinging the club. With this, you also get a hold on your shot predictability in no time. This helps you confidently march ahead in your golf career. You would also feel ready to take part in competitive games once you know your swing style is right, rather than the power itself.

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